The scope of research and scientific activity pivots on methods of pursuing the assumed objectives that drive social policy of both the European Union and the Member States. It encompasses promoting a high level of quality and sustainability of employment guaranteeing adequate and decent social protection, combating social exclusion and poverty, primarily however, improving working conditions conducive to social convergence across the EU.
To this end, the analyses address the correlation between the free economic market and its control mechanisms, the consequences of the recession and the economic crisis and the emergence of new unstable and undefined forms of work performance. The phenomenon of precarious work and quite a large group defined as Vulnerable and Underrepresented Persons (VUP) resulting from socio-economic changes is the essence of said studies. Hence, the selection of appropriate methods of protecting precarious employees presents itself as a paramount mission toward gaining professional and life stability. One important area of the study is providing the meaning and definition to such concepts as “an employee”, “an employer”, “working condition”, “minimum wage”, obligatory elements of remuneration etc.
The scope of the research addresses complexities arising from cross-border relations resultant from the functioning of the common market. The institution of posting has become one of particular concerns, tangibly reflecting difficulties with reconciling economic freedoms and social protection. The key objective of the European project - SENSE in transnational transport in the EU – between 2016-2019, was to solve problems engendered in the field of EU transnational transportation through displaying adequate understanding of the legal setting, not just at a single - national level, but also at the EU and multinational/comparative level, by developing and implementing state of the art education and by working with innovative tools: a Legal Navigation App. Thanks to European cooperation, the subject of in-depth collected studies has embraced the following issues: the posted workers’ rights guarantee, decent working conditions, protection of a host country’s economic interest, elimination of social dumping, level- playing field in the access to work and services, protection of workers’ rights in subcontracting chain, and the role of social partners. The underlying research has allowed to present and canvass many doubts and questions that mirror debates, disputes and different views the major stakeholders hold about the understanding of the EU mission goals such as fairer single market or equal pay for equal work.